Researchers will reveal the strongest evidence to date that air pollution is biologically linked to childhood asthma at the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) Pediatric Allergy and Asthma meeting, PAAM 2013, in Athens, Greece from October 17 to 19.
Data released jointly by the Epidemiology And Allergic and Respiratory Diseases (EPAR) Department from Sorbonne University and the Institut National de le Santé et de la Recherche-Médicale (INSERM), both based in Paris, indicate that air pollution may cause new cases of asthma. They also specify that evidence from toxicological studies, together with information from genes associated with asthma, suggest the link between air pollution and asthma is biologically plausible.
The new findings also reveal that an average of 1 in 7 children living within 75 metres of a busy road are likely to develop asthma (http://www.aphekom.eu). In areas with the heaviest air pollution, 1 in 4 children could potentially develop asthma.
Additionally, outdoor levels of air pollutants continue to aggravate asthma in sufferers despite industrial air pollution generally decreasing.
Indoor air pollution is caused by unvented gas or kerosene heaters, tobacco use, solvents, painting adhesives and other similar materials. Indoor air pollution is increasing, and with individuals spending on average almost 90 per cent of their time inside, this is also cause for concern.
All these findings come in the “Year of Air” which has seen the EU push for stronger air quality laws. However, at this time no major measure has been taken concerning asthma and other similar diseases.